Andrey V. Gangan
(St.Petersburg State University, Russia)
Russian Small-Scale Bronze Sculpture in the Late 19th — Early 20th Century: the Problem of Creative Method.
Small-scale bronze sculpture as an independent art dates back to the ancient times. In the considered here (late 19th — early 20th cc.) it underwent cardinal changes, connected with the general crisis of the form-building. The Impressionism, which was popular in Russian sculpture in the end of the 19th c., contributed to reviewing the principles of form-building. Almost every advanced or young sculptor submitted to the Impressionist influence in a varying degree, however later each of them obtained his own manner.